Common salt is a mineral primarily composed of sodium chloride (NaCl) and is an essential nutrient for human health via its role as an electrolyte and osmotic solute. In fact, salt is so important to our existence that a portion of our tongue is devoted to tasting saltiness. 1 Salt is present in vast quantities in seawater and in mineral deposits left by ancient oceans. Today, it’s processed from salt mines or by the intentional evaporation of seawater as well as from mineral-rich spring water in shallow pools.There are two distinct types of salt uses in our diet — table salt and sea salt. Sea salt comes in natural forms and contains practically all the 84 elements found in the human body. Table salt, on the other hand, is manufactured by taking natural salt and heating it to 1,200 degrees Fahrenheit.
During this process, the chemical composition is altered to being 97.5 percent sodium chloride and nearly all of the nutritional health benefits are destroyed.2 3 Although the vast majority of salt use is for industrial processes, salt uses for human consumption are for adding the saltiness taste in cooking and the value known in preservation of foods. Most processed foods contain table salt which does not have anywhere the same nutritional properties as sea salt. Table salt is much cheaper to produce in large quantities than genuine crystallized sea salt and therefore is used as an economical preservative.2 3
Salt health benefits, specifically sea salt include:3
These salt health benefits can be used to help treat eh following conditions:
Sea salt has few side effects when taken in moderation. Table salt can be a killer. Because table salt is iodised to prevent iodine deficiency, it presents a high risk of elevating blood pressure (hypertension) and contributing to cardiovascular disease (arteriosclerosis).2 An overuse of table salt also contributes to gout, diabetes, obesity and thyroid-related autoimmune disorders.2