Dandruff, or seborrheic dermatitis, is a chronic and common scalp condition marked by the excess shedding of the top layer of the skin. This also affects the eyebrows and along the sides of the nose. This top layer of skin consists of dead cells which are normally and continually shed off because the body is producing new cells that simply move up to replace the old ones. 1,2,3 Dandruff isn’t contagious or serious however, some people find it unsightly and embarrassing. Most cases of dandruff can be easily controlled and may require nothing more than a dandruff shampoo. Many dandruff home remedies and natural treatments are effective.
The exact medical cause or causes of dandruff are unclear. Doctors think it may be a combination of hormone levels, weakened immune system, lack of certain nutrients or even nervous system problems. 2 Dandruff causes can be a result of: 1,2,3
Dandruff symptoms are easy to spot on most adults. They’re seen as white, oily-looking flakes of dead skin on the hair and shoulders. Usually, the scalp is itchy and scaly and the condition will worsen during dry periods, especially the winter when indoor heating contributes to dry skin. 1,2 Medically, seborrheic dermatitis or dandruff symptoms include: 2
Fortunately, most dandruff causes are easily controlled through dandruff natural treatments. The most effective dandruff home remedies are:
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To help prevent and treat dandruff, use apple cider vinegar as a natural topical treatment. Apple cider vinegar has antifungal health benefits which can help prevent the shedding of scalp skin cells. Apply apple cider vinegar directly to scalp and leave on for 15 minutes. Then rinse and wash as normal.
Use tea tree oil as a natural topical treatment to soothe irritated scalp caused by dandruff. Tea tree oil helps to moisturize scalp and prevent flaking skin while reducing inflammation. Gently massage several drops of tea tree oil directly onto scalp and through hair. Leave in overnight and rinse in the morning.
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Use baking soda as a natural dandruff remedy to help exfoliate scalp and remove dead skin. Baking soda can also help absorb excess oil. Apply a handful of baking soda directly to scalp after wetting hair. Leave on for several minutes and rinse with warm water. Repeat twice weekly.
Lemon juice has natural antiseptic and antibacterial health benefits that can help treat dandruff. It can also help soothe irritation and balance pH levels. Apply 2 tablespoons of fresh lemon juice directly to scalp and comb through hair. Rinse with water and repeat daily until condition subsides.
Coconut oil is a natural moisturizer that can help soothe irritated scalp and eliminate fungi caused by dandruff. Massage coconut oil directly onto scalp and through hair. Leave in for at least 20 minutes. Wash hair and repeat 2-3 times weekly.